The WAN Port, one of the most important ports on your router, but where is it for? And how do you recognize it? The WAN port looks exactly the same as the LAN ports on your router, but there is a big difference between the two.
In this article, I will explain everything your need to know about the WAN port. Where can you find it and what are the differences with the LAN ports.
What is a WAN Port?
WAN stands for Wide Area Network which is basically the internet. The WAN Port is used to connect the router to your internet connection. Your ISP has supplied you with a modem that builds up the internet connection. But to distribute the internet connection through your home network you will need a router.
The router is connected to the modem, as you can see in the network diagram above. This allows it to access the internet. All your local network devices, like your computers, mobile phone, printer, are connected wired or wireless to your router.
It’s the router’s job to route the traffic between your local network devices and the modem. This allows each network device to access the internet.
WAN vs LAN Port
Besides the WAN port, you will also find LAN ports on the backside of the router. Most routers come with 4 LAN ports and only 1 WAN port. LAN stands for Local Area Network and is used to connect your local network device to your home network. Devices connected to the LAN ports can see (connect to) each other, which is useful if you want to access your network printer or NAS.
WAN ports are only used to connect your router to your internet connection. The WAN and LAN ports look the same, and may even be placed next to each other. But internally they are separated with a firewall. This way devices connected to the WAN port (everybody on the internet) can’t access your devices that are connected to the LAN ports.
To sum up the key differences between the WAN and LAN port:
|Connects to your (DSL, Cable, Fibre) modem
|Connects your local network devices
|Labeled Internet or WAN
|Labeled LAN or Ethernet
|Only 1 port on your router
|Often 4 ports on your router
How to find the WAN Port on your router
You can recognize the WAN port on your router by the label, Internet, or WAN. On most consumer routers you can also recognize it by the different color. In the example below, you see that the WAN port is colored yellow and labeled internet.
The color isn’t the same on all routers. Some brands give the LAN ports a Yellow or Blue color or make the WAN port grey. So the color alone isn’t an indication of what type of port it’s. The color is only used to distinguish the different ports on your router.
Router Dual WAN port
Some routers come with dual WAN ports which allow you to connect two internet connections to your router. Depending on the router these connections can be used for load balancing (splitting the internet traffic between the two connections) or for failover.
With failover is one internet connection used primarily. Only in the case of an interruption will the router switch over to the secondary WAN connection.
Normally you don’t need this, but if you have really slow or unstable internet connections, then using a dual WAN router can be a good idea. For example, the router below is a good option for small office and home networks.
On some routers, you will also find a DSL port. The DSL port is smaller than the WAN port, and you can only fit a phone line in it (with an RJ11 connector).
The DSL port can be used to directly connect your telephone (DSL) line to your router without the need for a separate modem. The router is in this case a router/modem combination and can build up the internet connection without the need for a modem.
If you use the DSL port, then you won’t need to use the WAN port. You can just connect your router to the DSL cable (phone line), and connect your home network devices to the LAN ports.
WAN Port is unplugged
When you see the status WAN Port is unplugged in your router then there is a problem with your internet connection. The WAN port is connected to your modem, so the ethernet cable between your router and modem and make sure that both ends are connected properly.
If the problem persists then try to restart both the router and modem first. If that doesn’t help then another good option is to replace the ethernet cable between the router and modem. Sometimes the cable or connectors gets damaged which may result in a bad connection between the two devices.
If you have replaced the cable and restarted both devices and still get the message WAN port is unplugged then there is most likely a problem with your router or modem. Try connecting a computer directly to the modem, if it can access the internet, then the router is broken. Otherwise most likely the modem.
The WAN cable that is used to connect your router and modem can be a normal ethernet cable. I recommend using a CAT5e or CAT6 cable for the connection. CAT5e can handle 1gbit per second over a distance of 30 meters. CAT6 can handle 1gbit over a distance of 100 meters.
Always use full copper cable, and not coper coated aluminium (CCA), for example one of these:
Frquently Asked Questions
Can I use the WAN port for LAN
No, the WAN port can only be used to connect the router to the modem. If you need more LAN ports then you need to buy a switch and connect the switch to one of the LAN ports on the modem.
What is a WAN Port
A WAN port is used to connect the router to your broadband modem.
Do I plug Ethernet into WAN or LAN?
You need to connect your home network devices to the LAN ports on your router. WAN is only used to connect the router to the modem.
I hope found the information useful. If you have any questions just drop a comment below. If you want to know more about setting up your home network, then make sure you read this article where I explain more about it.